Obes Surg. 2020 Nov 18. doi: 10.1007/s11695-020-05130-x. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Reasons of postoperative readmissions may vary based on the timing of rehospitalization. This study characterizes predictors and causes for readmission after bariatric surgery on day-to-day basis after discharge.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program data, patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy were identified. Perioperative factors of early readmissions (post-discharge days 0-9) were compared to those of late readmissions (post-discharge days 10-30). Multivariable analysis was conducted to identify predictors of early versus late readmissions. Reasons for readmissions were characterized on day-to-day basis.
RESULTS: Of 509,631 operations, 19,061 (3.7%) cases were readmitted. Of these, 9666 (50.7%) were early, while 9395 (49.3%) were late readmissions. White race (OR = 1.2, CI = [1.1-1.3]), revisional surgery (OR = 1.2, CI = [1.1-1.4]), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (OR = 1.2, CI = [1.1-1.3]), pulmonary complication (OR = 1.8, CI = [1.5-2.3]), bleeding (OR = 2, CI = [1.6-2.6]), and post-acute care (OR = 1.8, CI = [1.2-2.6]) were predictors of early readmission. Late readmission was associated with body mass index ≥ 40 (CI = 0.83, OR = [0.77-0.89]), renal/urological complication (OR = 0.6, CI = [0.5-0.8]), and deep vein thrombosis (OR = 0.5, CI = [0.4-0.6]). PO intolerance or dehydration/electrolyte imbalance was the most common readmission reason, peaking on post-discharge days 19-30. Pain, medical complications, obstruction, and bleeding were causes of early readmissions. However, venous thromboembolism readmissions peaked after post-discharge day 9.
CONCLUSION: Complex bariatric